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Bhakkar is the city principle of Bhakkar District

Bhakkar is the city principle of Bhakkar District. It is located at 31˚37’60N 71˚4’0E at an elevation of 159 metres and lies on the left bank of the Indus river. It has a population of almost 300,000 and was given status of district in 1981.

Bhakkar city is also the administrative centre of Bhakkar Tehsil one of the four tehsils of the District. Bhakkar Tehsil is subdivided into 17 union councils. Three of which from the city of Bhakkar.

Etymology and History

History of Bhakkar is very old there are many myths, mysteries and variety of elaborations about Bhakkar.Some say that the original name of Bhakkar was Sakhar and with the passage of time it became Bhakkar.

Some say that it was said to be named after the great Balouch Sardar, an adventurer, who was leading a body of colonists from Dera Ismail Khan, it was towards the close of the fifteenth century they say that the descendants were ousted later on by Ahmad Shah Abdali, a great invader.

British rule

During British rule Bhakkar Town was headquarters of Bhakkar Tehsil (now Bhakkar District) in Mianwali District, and was on the North-Western Railway line. The municipality was created in 1874. Its income and expenditure during the ten years ending 1902-3 averaged Rs. 7,700. The income in 1903-4 was Rs. 7,500, chiefly derived from octroi; and the expenditure was Rs. 8,600. The population according to the 1901 census of India was 5,312, at that time the town contained a dispensary and a municipal vernacular middle school.

The Imperial Gazetteer of India described the town as follows:

It stands on the edge of the Thal or sandy plain overlooking the low-lying alluvial lands along; the river, a channel of which is navigable as far as Bhakkar during the floods. To the west of the town the land is low, well cultivated, and subject to inundation, while to the east the country is high and dry, treeless, and sandy. A rich extent of land irrigated from wells lies below the town, protected by

embankments from inundations of the Indus, and produces two or three crops in the year. The neighbouring riverain is full of date groves and fruit gardens; and in it stands a famous mango-tree, the fruit of which used to be sent to Kabul in the old days of Afghan rule.

Relics

The town has some historical places like the Dilkusha Bagh which is believed by some to be a Mughal garden built by Humayun, however Humayun never visited the area, on his retreat to Iran, he went to another Bakhar in Sindh to seek help from Mahmood Khan, which was however denied by historian Henry Raverty.

The old town was walled and had the Tavela, Imamanwala and King Gates, of the three the King Gate, which was built during the British period and was named after Mr. King the then Deputy Commissioner of the Mianwali District, survives - since the end of colonial rule it has been renamed as the Jinnah Gate

There are remains of a handera (tomb) near Sheikh Raoo bridge, which is believed to be the burial place of Bakhar Khan, the founder of the city. The present police station was originally a Baloch fortress. Some 30 years ago a branch of River Indus flowed past the town. West side of the town was green and pleasant.

This is a very scarce silver coin belonging to the reign of Nadir Shah 1148-1160 AH (1735-1747) of the Afsharid dynasty. It is an Indian type minted during his post-occupation of. It is listed by type as Album #2744.2 (Type D). It weighs 11.3 gr. (18 mm.) and minted in the city of Bhakkar in the state of Punjab in India, dated 1157AH.

Blouch

BALOUCH, from the very foundation of BHAKKAR balouch are the key figure in its whole history, balouch came to BHAKKAR from two ways.

v HOOT BALOUCH, they came to Bhakkar from Dera Ismail Khan, they crossed the Indus River & invaded Bhakkar, about the close of the fifteenth century.

v RIND BLOUCH, they were sub divided into Mamdani and Jiskani Balouch, they came from KAICH MAKRAN & SIBI Balouchistan.

The very first tribe who invaded Bhakkar was Mamdani, later on Jiskani tribe came and became the ruler very soon, now all other tribes became their allies, the state of blouchs was now on its boom, it has now got spread to boundaries of Mianwali, Kot-Adu and Indus river.

Mankera fort was the headquarter and strong hold, Bhakkar was a small fort as compare to Mankera.

Blouch tribe enjoy their rule till the close of the eighteenth century until the fall of Abdul Ghani Kalhora in Sindh, this was the incident of 1790, now Kalhora backed by the Afghan Govt. was very much weak, Kalhora got capture Bhakkar very easily, the Blouch tribe scattered, some were ruined, some flee to Layyah some to Bahawal Pur some to Kala Maoza near Shaddan Lund, and some hide them in Jungles.

Latter on when Kalhora became the rebel to Afghan govt. he was attacked and replaced by Nawab Muzafar, who was also backed by Afghan govt.

At that time a very renouned Balouch leader Muhammad Khan gathered the scattered Blouches & invaded the Muzafar rule, now he became the ruler & got the epithet sir Buland Khan.

Sir Buland Khan ruled for about five to six years when the Sikh came there & the Sikh invaded got captured Bhakkar in 1821.

Blouch were basically invaded, hunters, who were very fond of camels, very few of them were farmers, they ruled the Bhakkar state for a long time, now too they are also a big tribe, enjoy the majority & strong hold of Bhakkar all the main politicians & rulers i.e. Nawani, Shahani are Blouch.

They are also play a key role for world Blouch warma.

Chairman & Administrators of District Council Bhakkar (1982 to 2000)

No.

Name

Designation

Period

01

Riaz Ahmad Choudhry (DC)

Administrator

01-07-1982 to 21-09-1982

02

Malik Ghazanfar Ali Khoawar

Chairman

22-09-1982 to 17-10-1983

03

Riaz Ahmad Choudhry (DC)

Administrator

18-10-1983 to 13-11-1983

04

Rashid Akbar Khan Niwani

Chairman

14-11-1983 to 04-02-1986

05

M. Zafar Ullah Khan Khanan Khel

Chairman

05-02-1986 to 27-11-1987

06

Syed Muhammad Hamid (DC)

Administrator

28-11-1987 to 20-11-1988

07

Rashid Akbar Khan Niwani

Chairman

21-11-1988 to 18-10-1990

08

Aziz Ahmad Khan Masti Khel

Chairman

19-10-1990 to 29-01-1992

09

Saeed Pervez Khan Dhandhla

Chairman

30-11-1992 to 15-08-1993

10

Naseem Gani (DC)

Administrator

16-08-1993 to 31-03-1995

11

Faqeer Syed Anwar ul Din (DC)

Administrator

02-04-1995 to 08-08-1996

12

Nusrat Hayat (DC)

Administrator

08-08-1996 to 06-03-1997

13

Saif Ullah Chatha (DC)

Administrator

07-03-1997 to 02-02-1998

14

Syed Mazhar Farid (DC)

Administrator

03-02-1998 to 04-02-1999

15

M. Hashim Tareen (DC)

Administrator

04-02-1999 to 24-03-1999

16

Saeed Pervez Khan Dhandhla

Chairman

24-03-1999 to 15-10-1999

17

M. Hashim Tareen (DC)

Administrator

15-10-1999

18

Choudhry Gulam Sarwar Chatha (DC)

Administrator

Till 14-04-2001

Nazims

No.

District Nazim

Naib Nazim

Period

01

Hameed Akbar Khan Niwani

Anyat Ullah Khan Shahani

August 2001 to August 2005

02

Hameed Akbar Khan Niwani

Rana Aftab Ahmad

October 2005 to February 2010

DCOs

No.

DCO

Period

01

Khalid Hanif

14-08-2001 to 05-03-2003

02

Abdul Basit Sohail

05-03-2003 to 27-04-2004

03 Bashir Ahmad Choudhry 27-04-2004 to 17-04-2008
04 Nayar Iqbal 17-04-2008 to
05 Asif Qurashi Till Feb. 2010

Demography

Bakhar is now a bustling town, with population of more than three hundred thousand, Saraiki is the dominant language

The main tribes (Zaats) in Bhakkar are:

  • Abbasi
  • Arain
  • Awan
  • Balouch
  • Bhatti
  • Chadhar
  • Chap
  • Chhina
  • Choudhry
  • Combo
  • Garwah
  • Jakhar
  • Lak
  • Lodhi
  • Naich
  • Niazi
  • Qureshi
  • Rana
  • Rawn
  • Samtia
  • Sandi
  • Siyal
  • Syed

Languages

Saraiki is main language of people .Urdu and Punjabi are next to Saraiki language

Colleges

  • Govt.College Bhakkar
  • Govt. College Darya Khan, Bhakkar
  • Govt. College For Women Bhakkar
  • Govt.College of Commerce Bhakkar
  • Govt. Degree College Jandanwala, Bhakkar
  • Orient College of Commerce (Regd) Bhakkar
  • District Public School and Interscience college Bhakkar

Schools

Hospitals and Medical Centers

  • District Headquarter Hospital Bhakkar
  • Nasir Hospital
  • Jatial Hospital
  • Safdar Hospital
  • Abdulah Hospital
  • Yasir Medical Centre
  • Sidiq Medical Complex

Specialties

  • Bakhars famous souvenir was Karna oil, which was extracted from karna flower which is also Exported to Middle East. Channa is the major crop here.

Industry

  • A Textile Mills "Colony Thal Textile Mills Ltd.,Ismailpur Bhakkar working since 1956.

  • A Sugar Mill "Fecto Sugar Mills Limited., Darya Khan".